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  • 15 Essential Routine Checks Everyone Should Prioritize

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Do you know that about 695,000 people die from cardiovascular diseases every year in the United States, as per a report? Like this, many diseases can be a threat to life.

Routine check-ups or health screenings should be part of a healthy lifestyle. It can help in staying away from any disastrous disease. It involves testing or checking for conditions, which can be life-threatening, in their early stages. Early detection can lead to the proper treatment.

Basically, this kind of screening involves tests, examinations, and self-checks. Here is a segmentation of some tests and examinations that are significant, and you can get rid of specific conditions that are common and can be dangerous. You can consult with a GP or general practitioner to discover which test or examination is right for you.

Let’s start with the tests and medical examinations that can help men and women stay informed and healthy.

Tests and examinations

Blood Pressure Measurement

This test is common and required for people aged 18 and older, at least every two years.

Cholesterol and Triglyceride Blood Tests

It can be a silver lining for people who are 45 years of age and older. It should be done every 5 years.

Cholesterol Blood Test, Urine Protein and Albumin Test, ECG, Waist Circumference, and BMI Measurements

People over 45 years of age must be assessed timely to discover if they have any risk of cardiovascular disease, such as heart attack and stroke. The aforementioned tests can cumulatively let the doctor anticipate if there is a low, moderate, or high risk of getting these cardiovascular problems. That’s why doctors recommend these tests every 2 years if you have low risk. For those who have moderate or high risk, undergo these tests every 6–12 months.

Oral Test

However, this test is for people of all age groups. They should visit a dentist’s clinic at least once a year to examine their mouth, teeth, and lips. And those who have a high risk of catching any dental problem should have more frequent visits and check-ups with a certified dentist.

Fasting Blood Sugar (Glucose) Test or HbA1c Test (Glycated Hemoglobin Blood Test) and Australian Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment

People who are 40 years of age and older must undergo these tests, which mainly start with assessment via a questionnaire. It helps the GP or diabetologist understand the risk of Australian type 2 diabetes. So, it is recommended to conduct it every 3 years.

For those who are at high risk of this lifestyle type 2 diabetes, fasting blood sugar and HbA1c tests are recommended. This recommendation is inspired by the risk a patient has.

Glaucoma or Eye Health Check Test

An optometrist or ophthalmologist should be consulted for regular eye check-ups. It is for those who are at a high risk of glaucoma. Mainly, it is seen as victimizing Caucasian and Asian people in their 50s, African descendants in their 40s, and anyone who is a first-degree relative with glaucoma. Once detected, the patient has to visit the clinic when the doctor suggests it.

Hearing Impairment Assessment

This checkup is for people in their 60s or older, together with those who smoke. Additionally, every 1-2 years is the span suggested for this test.

Kidney Health Check, Blood Pressure Check, & Urine Test

People suffering from obesity and having a family history of kidney failure, high blood pressure, or diabetes must opt-in to this screening. Also, those who have heart or blood vessel disease or those who have had kidney problems in the past should get themselves screened. The first two tests are understood by their names. A urine test can help your doctor discover a protein called albumin. And a blood test can also be recommended to determine the function of the kidney, especially the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).

Dual X-ray Absorptiometry Scan (DXA) for Osteoporosis

Men and women who are older than 50 years can be at risk of this bone problem. The recommended test can reveal the density of your bones, which may degenerate over time, especially in women who have menopause. This can hit people even if they do not have any history of fractures. Their genes may have signs. Besides, those who smoke and drink more than two standard drinks of alcohol every day may be its victims. Additionally, people who don’t do many physical activities, have a deficiency of vitamin D, and low BMI can be patients with osteoporosis. So, they should go for this scan and visit the doctor whenever he or she suggests it.

BMI and Waist Circumference Measurement

This test can help you discover if you are overweight. Ideally, adults who are 18+ years old can be suggested for this measurement every 2 years. Those who have a high risk may have to see the doctor every year.

Chlamydia (Swab) Test, Urine Test, Gonorrhoea, HIV Syphilis, Hepatitis

These tests can be suggested to all who are sexually active and under their 30s. It can help in timely detecting sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The frequency of these tests depends on the level of risk a patient is taking.

Self-Examination of Skin Cancer (Melanoma)

People who have a history of melanoma or who have more than five moles of irregular shape or size can be required to go through the prescribed skin test. Everyone should self-examine their bodies every three months. The doctor may suggest a full-body skin screening every 6–12 months.

Testicular Cancer Test

Every man should first examine his own body. And the Cancer Council of Australia recommends men see a GP if they notice any changes, lumps, or swelling in their testicles. It is a must for those who have a family history of testicular cancer.

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test for Prostate Cancer

It is for all men who should discover the risks and benefits of PSA testing. They should consult with a certified doctor, especially those who are in their 50s and 60s. And men in their 70s may find it risky. That’s why those who have a history of this cancer should go through this test between 40 and 45 and 69. And every two years, it should be screened.

Breast (cancer) Examination and Mammogram Test

It is recommended for all women of any age. They should frequently self-assess their breasts to see if they look and feel normal. Any change requires a doctor to assess and discover its cause. Women between 50 and 74 years old may be suggested a mammogram test every 2 years. In addition, women with a history of breast or ovarian cancer should check with their doctor about when to go for screening.

However, a general practitioner suggests which test is specifically required for you because he or she knows your medical history and health. Accordingly, you can go for an evaluation of your body.


Routine health checks are significant, and you consider them seriously when your health comes first. To stay well, you must be regular with your physical activities, walk, and exercise. Besides, visiting a doctor who knows you well can be a praiseworthy practice to eliminate any chances of disastrous diseases.

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