cranes construction load crane
  • Top 12 Health and Safety Risks in Construction

  • Published By:
  • Category: Real Estate
  • Published Date: June 15, 2022
  • Modified Date: June 15, 2022
  • Reading Time: 6 Minutes

Featured Image Caption: Cranes Construction Load Crane | Image Credit: pixabay(.)com

There are many health and safety risks associated with construction work. These include slips, trips, falls, exposure to hazardous materials, noise exposure, and musculoskeletal disorders. Construction workers need to be aware of these risks and take steps to protect themselves.

One of the most common risks in construction is slips, trips, and falls. These can occur due to slippery surfaces, cluttered walkways, or uneven flooring. According to the NIOSH, construction workers are more prone to injury on the job than workers in any other sector. Injuries and fatalities in construction are often the results of falls, being struck by an object, or electrocutions.

Unfortunately, these risks can often amplify by construction workers who typically work in hazardous environments and are constantly experiencing exposure to potential dangers. However, despite the risks, there are several things that construction workers can do to protect themselves from possible injuries.

Some of the most common health and safety risks in construction include:


The risk of developing asbestosis, a chronic lung disease caused by exposure to asbestos, is relatively high among construction workers. Workers may be exposed to asbestos when working with insulation, roofing materials, and other construction materials that contain the substance. Asbestos exposure can also occur when workers are demolishing buildings that contain asbestos. As a result, people with asbestosis may experience shortness of breath, coughing, and chest pain. For further information, visit to learn more about asbestosis and how to prevent it. Remember, if you or a loved one has been diagnosed with asbestosis, you are not alone. There are plenty of resources and support available.


Falls are one of construction’s most common causes of injuries and fatalities. Workers can fall from scaffolding, ladders, roofs, and other heights. Falls can also occur when workers trip over objects or slip on wet or icy surfaces. Also, workers not wearing proper fall protection are at an increased risk of falling. Hence, it is crucial for construction workers to always wear the appropriate safety gear and to be aware of their surroundings. Remember, safety is always the number one priority.

Being Struck by Objects:

Construction workers are also at risk of being struck by falling objects. These objects can include tools, debris, and other materials. To protect themselves, workers should always be aware of their surroundings. In addition, they should wear hard hats when working in areas with potential objects to fall. However, even when taking these precautions, accidents can still happen. Also, construction workers must know about first aid to manage mild to moderate injuries.


Silicosis is another chronic lung disease caused by exposure to dust-containing silica. Construction workers may be exposed to silica when working with sand, concrete, and other substance materials. The exposure risk increases when workers use power tools or work in confined spaces. Symptoms of silicosis include shortness of breath, coughing, and chest pain. The root cause of the disease occurs from exposure to airborne silica dust. Unfortunately, there is no cure for silicosis.

Noise Exposure:

Construction workers are often exposed to loud noise while working. This noise can come from power tools, vehicles, and other equipment. Exposure to loud noise can cause hearing loss. Workers should wear earplugs or earmuffs when working in noisy environments to protect themselves. Unfortunately, even when taking these precautions, some workers will still develop hearing loss. Generally, the louder the noise, the greater the risk of hearing loss. And once hearing loss occurs, it is permanent.

Heat Exposure:

Construction workers are also at risk of heat exposure. It can occur when working in hot environments or wearing heavy clothing or protective gear. Workers should drink plenty of fluids to protect themselves and take breaks in cool or shady areas when possible. Workers should also be aware of heat exhaustion symptoms, including headache, nausea, and dizziness. The exposure can also lead to more severe conditions such as heat stroke, which can be fatal.


It is common for construction workers to work in an environment exposed to electricity. And electrocutions are another leading cause of construction worker fatalities. In addition, workers can injure themselves by electrocution when working with power tools, electrical equipment, and other sources of electricity. To protect themselves, workers should always follow safety precautions and never work with electrical equipment while wet or standing in water.

Musculoskeletal Disorders:

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a common type of construction worker injury. MSD can be caused by lifting heavy objects, repetitive motions, and other physical labor. Symptoms of MSDs include pain, stiffness, and swelling. Workers should use proper lifting techniques to prevent these injuries and take necessary breaks. The disorder is not just limited to construction workers; office workers and other sedentary workers are also at risk of developing these injuries.

Chemical Exposure:

Nowadays, construction workers are also at risk of exposure to harmful chemicals. These chemicals are available in adhesives, sealants, paints, and other materials. As a result, construction workers may be exposed to toxic chemicals. It can occur when working with paint, solvents, and other hazardous materials. These chemicals can cause skin irritations, respiratory problems, and other health problems. To protect themselves, workers should always follow safety precautions and wear proper protective gear when working with hazardous materials.


Stress may not seem a health hazard, but it can lead to other health problems. Stress can occur by working for long hours, tight deadlines, and other job demands. Stress can lead to anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems when not managed properly. To manage stress, workers should take breaks, exercise regularly, and eat a healthy diet. Stress is a common problem for construction workers. Remember, if you are feeling stressed, it is crucial to seek help from a professional.

Chemical Burns:

Construction workers may experience working with various hazardous chemicals that can cause serious injuries. These chemicals can include acids, alkalis, and other corrosive materials.

Chemical burns can cause severe pain, skin irritation, and other health problems. Therefore, workers should always wear proper protective gear when working with hazardous materials.

Trench Collapses:

Trench collapses are one of the leading causes of construction worker fatalities. It can occur when the walls of a trench collapse, burying the workers inside. To prevent these accidents, workers should always follow safety precautions and never enter an incomplete trench. Also, workers should be aware of the signs of a collapsing trench, including cracks in the walls or soil movement.

Bottom Line:

Working in construction can be dangerous. However, there are several things that workers can do to protect themselves. Wearing proper safety gear, following safety precautions, and taking breaks as needed can help reduce the risk of injury or death.

Marlene Coleman

By Marlene Coleman
– is a passionate blogger who love to write on digital marketing, Business, technology and finance related topics. Also, a reader and loves to share quality content prevalent on the web. She is a featured author at UpLearn.

Member since October, 2021
View all the articles of Marlene Coleman.

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