benefits of jdbc
  • What is JavaScript Database Connectivity (JDBC) and which is better ODBC or JDBC?

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JavaScript Database Connectivity is an open standard Application Program Interface (API) similar to ODBC, but it works with Java language only which can be standardized and simplify the process of connecting applications to Database Management System or Regional Database Management System.

The application running in JavaScript Database provides logic through which it facilities repetitive logic, hypothetical logic with if statements and object-oriented analysis through the use of Java API Interfaces Call.

Java applications do not store data nor give access to the database as it is not an open-source database like MySQL. JDBC requires several interfaces connected to a database that facilities are sending SQL queries to external database and help developer to process it.

Java API interfaces connect to a database that handles results and issues queries to resolve from the database. Architects use ODBC over Java API as it is easier to access to data and store in SQL server which can handle their queries and manage it.

Any Construction companies or technical expert working on designing and detailing part of the building model needs to use CAD Services Software to enhance the model design and fulfill the information into it for construction purpose that drives database storage which needs server access to everyone through JDBC or ODBC.

How JDBC Works? State numerous types of JDBC Drivers used for interface by Managers?

It offers a programming-level interface that handles core systems of Java application while connecting database or Regional Database Management System (RDBMS). It consists of two layers:

  • It supports communication between Java application and JDBC Manager.
  • The driver supports communication between the database driver and JDBC Manager.

There are four types of JDBC drivers that implement the Java API interfaces and classes to DBMS vendor. Java program loads a specific driver for DBMS before it gets connected to a database. The JDBC Manager sends all the API calls to the loaded driver.

Type-1 Driver:

It is also known as JDBC-ODBC Bridge that uses an ODBC driver. It translates JDBC API interfaces call into ODBC calls which get passed to the ODBC driver. For using ODBC driver, binary code must be loaded in the computer devices.

Type-2 Driver:

Native-API of partly Java driver is known as a type-2 driver. It converts JDBC API calls into DBMS client’s API calls. It needs binary code which is loaded on the client’s computer device.

Type-3 Driver:

JDBC-Net is a Java driver which sends JDBC API calls to a third-party server that translates the call into DBMS network agreement.

Type-4 Driver:

Native-protocol is called a type-4 driver that converts API calls directly into DBMS network protocol without the third party serves that allows the client application to connect to a database server directly.

Benefits of JDBC

The advantages of JDBC are as follows:

Provide Existing Data:

With JDBC API interfaces, you can use installed databases and access information which can be recovered from different DBMS.

Simplified Application Development:

Use of Java API and JDBC API makes development for database storage easier and cost-effective.

No Configuration for Network Computers:

There is no need for configuration on the client-side to maintain centralized software. A driver is written in Java wherein all the information needs to make a connection defined by JDBC URL or by DataSource object. Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI) naming services register the DataSource Object.

Get Easy Access to Metadata:

Capabilities and facilities of a specific database connection should be understood. The JDBC API provides metadata access which enables the development of applications running through DBMS.

No installation required:

JDBC technology driver does not require special installation as it is written in Java language which automatically gets installed through the system.

By URL identifying the Database Connection:

JDBC API includes a way to identify and connect to a data source using a Data source object that makes the code more portable and easy to maintain.

What is the significant difference between JDBC and ODBC?

JavaScript Database Connectivity and Open Database Connectivity are similar. Both define standards for connecting to their cooperative databases. The only subtle difference between JDBC and ODBC is the connectivity of languages. JDBC is language written where calls and application are deployed to JDK, whereas ODBC can be used for different languages such as Visual Basic, C#, FORTRAN, and Pascal.

Java Development Kit (JDK) is known as JDBC-ODBC bridge driver, which allows the developers to run Java written application using JDBC API to get connected to ODBC standard database such as Microsoft Access. It makes it easier for a client to get access to the ODBC database using JDBC.

JDBC is secured as it is written in Java language only where ODBC is non-secured as it is written in C language, so if we need to look at security purposes, JDBC serves the best option. ODBC is C interface which is for Microsoft, used by desktop applications not Java directly. JDBC is a Java interface which is used for Java connectivity only that allows database application to run on different platforms with DBMS.

ODBC is procedural oriented, and JDBC is object-oriented. ODBC requires manual driver installation and on client’s computer devices, whereas JDBC drivers are Java wrote, which is installed through code automatically on all platforms.


JDBC and ODBC are similar in context to a compliant database for a connecting server to access database information that can be useful in the projects. Architects mostly prefer using ODBC over JDBC as it is easier to access to store data and share information to third-party who is not involved in the project about the progressive reports.

Most of the product-oriented companies use JDBC as it is written in Java language, which makes information in the database secured and needs Java connectivity only to run with different DBMS.

In the future, we could look into the scope of ODBC for accomplishing communication through C interface that can give access to the database through any language and run application widely on different platforms by DBMS.

By Vishakha Jadav
who is a management graduate and started working with TESLA CAD Solutions Company which serves CAD Services, BIM Drafting Services & 3D Rendering Services to construction clients globally. She provides to her clients with potential in writing about trends, qualitative services and technology-driven construction content.

Member since August, 2019
View all the articles of Vishakha Jadav.

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