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  • Five Basic Programming Languages: What are They?

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  • Category: Education
  • Published Date: July 21, 2023
  • Modified Date: July 21, 2023
  • Reading Time: 6 Minutes

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Languages for programming are the basis of contemporary technology, allowing us to connect with machines while developing complex computer programs.

With numerous languages for programming accessible right now, all intended for a particular purpose or domain, it may be difficult for beginners to figure out which ones to investigate first.

These languages, noted by their simplicity, flexibility, and broad approval such as Java or C++ programming, are an ideal place to begin for grabbing coding ideas and developing an effective programming knowledge base.

If you want to be a software engineer, a data scientist, or just keen about coding, acquiring these five technologies can help you get started on technological endeavours.

In this article, we are going to look at the five fundamental languages for programming that serve as an introduction for budding programmers.

Therefore, let’s begin and learn about all five fundamental programming languages which any prospective programmer ought to be acquainted with.

What are programming languages?

Programming languages are official structures that send instructions to machines or different gadgets that may carry out them.

They are employed to express methods and computing procedures in a form that humans and computers can understand.

The programming languages are crucial for the creation of software as they allow developers to compose, troubleshoot, and manage an extensive variety of systems and applications.

Specific semantics and syntax set standards for writing acceptable commands in languages of programming.

They give developers with an assortment of instructions and constructs which enable them to manage data, control programme flow, and carry out advanced tasks.

There are a lot of distinct languages for programming accessible, ranging from low-level programming languages such as C++ programming and C to higher-level languages like Java and Python.

Different paradigms of programming languages, including legal, oriented towards objects, working, or declarative, indicate different approaches to problem resolution and code organisation.

They additionally offer frameworks and libraries that ease everyday tasks and encourage reuse of code, boosting efficiency and allowing programmers to build on current solutions.

New programming languages arise with advancements in technology, appealing to specific fields or giving novel abilities.

In addition, existing languages for programming change and undergo revisions to meet evolving requirements and include new programming ideas.

The programming dialect used is determined by variables such as the scope of the undertaking, requirements for performance, support from the community, and individual requirements.

Mastering languages for programming is an essential skill for programmers, allowing people to bring their concepts to fruition and produce the technological improvements that are required in the current programming scenario.

By now, you might have clearly understood the different aspects of programming languages. If you are interested in learning about the top 5 programming languages, then check out the following section of the blog.

What are the 5 basic programming languages?

Programming consists of an extensive number of languages, each intended to serve a particular purpose and adjust to distinct programming styles.

When it comes to defining five fundamental programming languages, the ones that have made a big impact in the software sector and are extensively adopted throughout various fields.

A lot of developers rely on such languages as a foundation as well as an introduction to comprehend programming concepts.

Following are the five fundamental programming spoken languages:


C was created in the beginning of the 1970s and is considered by many as one among the earliest & most significant language for programming. It offers me programming at low levels technique, allowing programmers to exercise immediate influence over storage and equipment.

C is widely recognised for its efficacy It is frequently employed in system programming for embedded systems, and operating system development. C’s language and architecture have influenced multiple other languages used for programming in online C++ compilers.


Python is a language for high-level programming that originated in the late 1980s and is renowned for its ease of use and readability.

It is common amongst beginners as it stresses code simplicity & requires a smaller amount of script than other programming languages.

Python’s flexibility enables it to be utilised in an array of disciplines, including building websites, analysis of data, computational science, machine learning, and automation.

Its widespread library ecosystem, featuring frameworks such as Django and Flask, adds to its appeal.


Sun Microsystems, Inc. developed Java in the mid-1990s with the objective to render it independent of platforms, allowing Java programmes to function on any machine that has a virtual machine running Java (JVM).

It is an objects-oriented programming language pointed out for its durability, scaling, and safety. Java is widely utilised in a variety of industries enterprise-level uses, development of Android apps, development on the server side, and massive systems are some of the products and services offered.

The popularity of it stems from its large libraries and systems, such as Springs and Hibernate.


Although having the exact same name as the language Java, JavaScript was a distinct computer language. JavaScript, which was established in the middle of the 1990 is mostly used in client-side website creation, allowing programmers to add interaction and dynamic material to websites.

It is backed by every major browser, thus being readily accessible on the internet. Since the launch of Node.js, JavaScript has expanded beyond the web browser, providing scripting on the server and creating a single ecosystem enabling full-stack software development.


Developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto in the mid-1990s, Ruby works on the mechanism of object-orientation, changing, and flexible language for programming. It emphasizes readability and simplicity of use while emphasizing minimalism and efficiency.

Ruby’s wonderful syntax, clear grammar and extensive resources make it an attractive option among web designers, allowing for fast prototyping and the development of advanced applications for the web.

Winding Up

Finally, the world of coding provides a diverse selection of languages, each one having its own distinct characteristics and goals. While there’s no comprehensive list of what are known as “five basic coding languages,” a few have regularly proven to be important and widely utilised in the industry.

Java, Python, C++, JavaScript, as well as Ruby are among those programming languages. They provide a wide range of services, including general-purpose software development in online C++ compilers.

By Akshay Parashar
– A professionally trained Tech Expert, with great experience in Data Science, SQL, Machine Learning, Python, and Deep Learning.

Member since December, 2022
View all the articles of Akshay Parashar.

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